Construction and validation of an ADHD screening tool for preschool children: A study with Spanish population


  • Manuel Rodríguez-Becerra Facultad de Educación. Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca.
  • Luz María Fernández-Mateos Facultad de Educación. Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca.
  • Cristina Jenaro-Río Facultad de Psicología, Universidad de Salamanca.


Palabras clave:

attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, screening, preschoolers, psychometrics, measure development


Most cases of ADHD occur in children under five, and this situation calls for screening tools with high sensitivity and specificity for early age. This study presents the ADHD-3P, a new screening tool developed with Spanish population for preschool children. From an initial pool of 151 items, face validity analyses, followed by item analyses and analysis of the scale, were carried out. A 27-item scale (α = .95) composed of three factors: hyperactivity (α = .92), inattention (α = .92), and other symptoms (α = .81) resulted from the analyses. Discriminant power was high (89.7% for ADHD, and 88.3% for non-ADHD). Diagnostic performance was evaluated through Receiver-Operating Characteristic curves, and excellent sensitivity (92.86%) and specificity (89.86%) were obtained. In sum, the ADHD-3P is a promising tool to be used by parents, teachers, and pediatricians.


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Biografía del autor/a

Manuel Rodríguez-Becerra, Facultad de Educación. Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca.

Doctor en Psicología. Profesor adjunto de la Facultad de Educación de la Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca. Especialista en Trastorno por Déficit de Atención Comorbilidades, Inclusión, NEE, Psicopatología del Lenguaje y Trastornos del Neurodesarrollo. Miembro en la Asociación Salmantina de Niños Hiperactivos (ASANHI) Asesor y Psicólogo Clinico de Azahani y Karacol en el TDAH Vicepresidente de la Fundación de "Ayuda a la Infancia y Adolescencia en las Necesidades Especiales en el Desarrollo". FUNDANEED.

Luz María Fernández-Mateos, Facultad de Educación. Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca.

Doctora en Psicología. Especialista en psicología prenatal. Profesora encargada de cátedra de la Facultad de Educación de la Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca. Miembro del Grupo de Investigación: Cognición instruccional positiva, de la Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca.

Cristina Jenaro-Río, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad de Salamanca.

Doctora en Psicología. Catedrática del departamento de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológicos de la Facultad de Psicología de la Universidad de Salamanca. Investigadora del INICO (Instituto Universitario de Integración en la Comunidad) de la Universidad de Salamanca.


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Cómo citar

Rodríguez-Becerra, M., Fernández-Mateos, L. M., & Jenaro-Río, C. (2019). Construction and validation of an ADHD screening tool for preschool children: A study with Spanish population. Revista Evaluar, 19(2).



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