Análisis intercultural del trastorno por uso de alcohol: criterios diagnósticos en universitarios

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Karina Conde
Paula Victoria Gimenez
Mariana Cremonte
María del Marb Díaz-Castela
Ana Ortega-Martinez

Resumen

El objetivo de este estudio fue examinar las manifestaciones clínicas del trastorno por uso de alcohol (TUA) en universitarios de países con distintas prácticas de consumo, y estimar el potencial de una medida de consumo de alcohol como marcador de TUA. Participaron estudiantes de universidades en Argentina (N = 2157), España (N = 320) y Brasil (N = 149). Se evaluaron criterios diagnósticos de TUA, puntos de corte compatibles con el DSM 5, y una medida de consumo excesivo episódico de alcohol. Se realizaron análisis descriptivos y de clases latentes. Generalmente el TUA grave se caracterizó por endorsar todos los criterios; el moderado-leve por tolerancia, pérdida de control, problemas interpersonales y negligencia de obligaciones. En los países con un patrón húmedo de consumo (Argentina y España) los criterios uso en situaciones peligrosas y consumo a pesar de problemas mentales/físicos se manifestaron en categorías distintas. La medida de consumo presentó potencial como marcador de TUA.

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