Adaptación al español de la Escala de Autocontrol y de la Escala de Autocontrol-Abreviada y evidencias de validez en población universitaria

Macarena Verónica del Valle, Juan Ignacio Galli, Sebastián Urquijo, Lorena Canet Juric

Resumen


El objetivo del estudio fue adaptar y validar la Escala de Autocontrol (EAC) y la Escala de Autocontrol-Abreviada (EAC-A) para población hispanohablante. Se trabajó con una muestra de 430 estudiantes de la Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata (279 mujeres y 151 hombres) con una media de edad de 23.38 (DE = 5.69). El Análisis Factorial Exploratorio reveló en la EAC una estructura de tres factores que fueron denominados Control no reflexivo de los impulsos, Autodisciplina y Control reflexivo de los impulsos. En la EAC-A se halló una estructura de dos factores, que fueron denominados Autodisciplina y Control de los impulsos. Tanto la EAC como la EAC-A presentaron buenos índices de ajuste de modelo y adecuados valores de consistencia interna. Se presentan asimismo evidencias de validez concurrente y convergente a través de asociaciones con medidas de impulsividad y responsabilidad respectivamente. Se concluye que ambas escalas resultan válidas para la población bajo estudio.


Palabras clave


autocontrol, escala de autocontrol, adaptación, evaluación

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32348/1852.4206.v11.n2.23413

Copyright (c) 2019 Macarena Verónica del Valle, Juan Ignacio Galli, Sebastián Urquijo, Lorena Canet Juric

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