Evidencia de renovación instrumental ABC previamente eliminada con los procedimientos de extinción y omisión.

Rodolfo Bernal-Gamboa, Javier Nieto

Resumen


Se realizó un experimento con ratas para evaluar la renovación de una respuesta operante previamente eliminada a través del uso de un tratamiento de omisión o del empleo de la extinción. Las ratas se entrenaron para presionar una palanca horizontal por alimento en el contexto A. Después, se eliminó dicha respuesta en un segundo contexto. En esta fase, la mitad de los sujetos fueron expuestos a un procedimiento en el que recibían alimento siempre que dejaran de presionar la palanca (i. e., reforzamiento por omisión), mientras que el resto de las ratas recibieron un tratamiento de extinción. Finalmente, se condujo una prueba intra sujeto de renovación ABC. Los resultados mostraron que las ratas presionaron más la palanca cuando se colocaron en un contexto distinto al empleado en la fase de eliminación, sin importar el tipo de procedimiento que se utilizó para eliminar dicha conducta.

Palabras clave: contexto, extinción, ratas, reforzamiento por omisión, renovación contextual.

Evidence of ABC instrumental renewal formerly eliminated by extinction and omission procedures. One experiment used a free operant procedure with rats to evaluate renewal of a response previously eliminated by using omission training or by using an extinction treatment. All rats were trained to press a lever for food in context A. Then, the operant responses were eliminated in a second context. In this phase, half of the subjects received an omission training (i. e., delivery of food for withholding responding), while the other half received an extinction procedure. Finally, a within-subject ABC renewal test was conducted. The results demonstrated that all rats showed higher levels of responding when they were tested outside extinction context, regardless the procedure used during the elimination phase. 

Keywords: context, extinction, omission training, rats, renewal.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30882/1852.4206.v10.n2.19164

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