Las dificultades interpersonales de los perfeccionistas: consideraciones teóricas sobre el modelo de desconexión social

Sonia Chemisquy

Resumen


El modelo de desconexión social de los perfeccionistas es un marco teórico que permite entender cómo el perfeccionismo insano se asocia a problemas tales como la depresión, los trastornos alimentarios, el consumo peligroso de alcohol y la ansiedad. Según este modelo, el aumento de la vulnerabilidad psicológica estaría dado por la experiencia de desconexión social objetiva y subjetiva que los perfeccionistas desadaptativos suelen experimentar en virtud de sus estilos de relación caracterizados por la hostilidad y la sensibilidad interpersonales. Los estudios recientes muestran interesantes posibilidades de generalizar este modelo a distintas poblaciones, por lo que resulta una línea de investigación significativa. En el presente trabajo se caracteriza a los perfeccionistas desadaptativos y a sus dificultades interpersonales, se realiza una descripción teórica del modelo de desconexión social y de los avances de la investigación sobre la temática. 

Palabras clavePerfeccionismo Insano, Relaciones Interpersonales, Desconexión Social, Vulnerabilidad Psicológica

Perfectionist's interpersonal difficulties: theoretical considerations about the social disconnection model. The Perfectionist Social Disconnection Model brings a theoretical framework suggesting an explanation of the associations between maladaptive perfectionism and mental health problems such as depression, eating disorders, hazardous drinking, and anxiety. According to this model, maladaptive perfectionists experience subjective and objective social disconnection throughout their own relational styles that involves interpersonal hostility and sensitivity. In turn, the social disconnection leads to increased levels of psychological vulnerability. Recent studies have shown that this framework is applicable in different cultures and ethnicities, and it must be considered for future investigations. The present paper describes maladaptive perfectionists and their personal difficulties, and introduces a theoretical description of the social disconnection model. Future research lines are discussed.

Keywords: Perfectionism, interpersonal Relations, Social Disconnection, Psychological Vulnerability


Palabras clave


perfeccionismo insano; relaciones interpersonales; desconexión social; vulnerabilidad psicológica

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Referencias


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