Influencias de alimentos, sedentarismo y estrés en la prevención del cáncer colorrectal

  • Angel E. Caballero Torres Universidad Técnica de Manabí. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud.
  • Yumy Estela Fernández Vélez HOSPITAL GENERAL DR. LIBORIO PANCHANA SOTOMAYOR
Palabras clave: alimentos, sedentarismo, estrés, cáncer colorrectal

Resumen

Introducción: el cáncer colorrectal se encuentra entre las principales causas de muerte en muchos países, aunque se acepta que puede prevenirse con una vigilancia oportuna y la adopción de estilos de vida saludable. Objetivo: analizar informaciones científicas sobre el papel de la alimentación, la actividad física y el estrés en la prevención del cáncer colorrectal. Método: revisión de publicaciones científicas, en español e inglés, de artículos consultados en pubmed, Redalyc, Scielo y BVsalud, hasta agosto del 2018 sobre la alimentación, la actividad física y el dominio del estrés en relación con la prevención del cáncer colorrectal. Resultados: existen informaciones sobre componentes, con capacidad para inhibir la iniciación, proliferación y metástasis del cáncer colorrectal, en alimentos como vegetales, frutas, miel y lácteos además de reportes sobre productos cárnicos y carne roja que pueden aportar sustancias asociadas con la presentación y desarrollo de este tipo de cáncer mientras las publicaciones sobre actividad física y el dominio del estrés soportan, de forma unánime, que la disminución del sedentarismo y del estrés ayudan a la prevención de la ocurrencia y la mortalidad del cáncer colorrectal. Conclusiones: en la literatura científica se identifica a la promoción de la alimentación saludable, a la actividad física y al dominio del estrés como medidas de prevención contribuyentes de la disminución del cáncer colorrectal. Las faltas de explicaciones, con evidencias suficientes sobre estos factores de protección o de riesgo, expresan la necesidad de aportes científicos para mejorar la prevención del cáncer colorrectal.

Biografía del autor/a

Angel E. Caballero Torres, Universidad Técnica de Manabí. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud.
Doctor en Ciencias Médicas, Docente Titular Tiempo Completo.
Yumy Estela Fernández Vélez, HOSPITAL GENERAL DR. LIBORIO PANCHANA SOTOMAYOR
Coordinadora de la Unidad de Docencia e Investigación, Médico, Magíster en Salud Pública

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Publicado
2019-07-05
Cómo citar
Caballero Torres, A. E., & Fernández Vélez, Y. E. (2019). Influencias de alimentos, sedentarismo y estrés en la prevención del cáncer colorrectal. Revista De Salud Pública, 23(2), 53-68. https://doi.org/10.31052/1853.1180.v23.n2.21950
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