Comparación entre incidencia y factores de riesgo de cáncer oral en diferentes países de América Latina.

Autores/as

  • Brenda Yuliana Herrera Serna Universidad Autónoma de Manizales. Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México
  • Edith Lara-Carrillo Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México
  • Victor Hugo Toral-Rizo Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México
  • Regiane Cristina do Amaral Universidade Federal de Sergipe

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31052/1853.1180.v24.n2.24336

Palabras clave:

Cancer Oral, Fumar Tabaco, Consumo de Alcohol, Urbanizacíon, Estudio de Correlación

Resumen

Objetivos: Describir las tendencias de la incidencia del cáncer oral según sexos en Americalatina entre 2000 y 2017; y analizar su relación con factores de riesgo. Método: estudio ecológico que describe las tasas y tendencias de incidencia de cáncer oral en Americalatina; y su correlación con el hábito de fumar, consumo de alcohol y urbanización. Resultados:Las tasas más altas se presentan en los hombres (8,01), y mujeres (3,64) de Cuba. Las tendencias son al aumento, sólo Guatemala presenta estancamiento en ambos sexos. Existe correlación positiva entre la incidencia de cáncer oral y el hábito de fumar (r: 0,37), y con el consumo de alcohol (r: 0,60) en los hombres; y negativa con la urbanización en ambos sexos (r: -0,16) (p:<0,01). Conclusión: La incidencia varía entre los países y entre los sexos, con tendencia al aumento. La mayor carga está en los hombres, con correlación con los factores de riesgo.

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Biografía del autor/a

Brenda Yuliana Herrera Serna, Universidad Autónoma de Manizales. Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México

Magister en Salud Pública. Estudiante de Posgrado en Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México (México). Investigadora en Universidad Autónoma de Manizales (Colombia).

Edith Lara-Carrillo, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México

Doctora en Ciencias de la Salud. Directora Facultad de Odontología.

Victor Hugo Toral-Rizo, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México

Doctor en Patología y Estomatología Oral. Coordinador de Posgrados de la Facultad de Odontología.

Regiane Cristina do Amaral, Universidade Federal de Sergipe

Doctora en Odontología Social. Profesora Adjuntadel Departamento de Odontologia. Universidade Federal de Sergipe.

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Publicado

2020-06-27

Cómo citar

Herrera Serna, B. Y., Lara-Carrillo, E., Toral-Rizo, V. H., & do Amaral, R. C. (2020). Comparación entre incidencia y factores de riesgo de cáncer oral en diferentes países de América Latina. Revista De Salud Pública, 24(2), 49-63. https://doi.org/10.31052/1853.1180.v24.n2.24336

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