La antropología oscura y sus otros. Teoría desde los ochenta

Sherry Ortner, Gustavo Blázquez, María Cecilia Díaz

Resumen


En este artículo considero varias tendencias emergentes en la antropología desde los 80, en el contexto de ascenso del neoliberalismo en tanto formación económica y gubernamental. Considero primero el giro hacia lo que llamo “antropología oscura”, es decir, la antropología que se enfoca en las dimensiones difíciles de la vida social (poder, dominación, desigualdad y opresión), como también en la experiencia subjetiva de esas dimensiones, en forma de depresión y desesperanza. Considero luego un abanico de trabajos que se presentan como una reacción explícita o implícita a este giro oscuro bajo la rúbrica de “antropologías de lo bueno”, incluyendo estudios de “la buena vida” y la “felicidad”, como también estudios de moralidad y ética. Finalmente, considero lo que podría ser pensado como un tipo diferente de antropología de lo bueno, es decir, nuevas direcciones en la antropología de la crítica, la resistencia y el activismo.

Palabras clave


teoría antropológica; neoliberalismo; Marx; Foucault; bienestar; moralidad; crítica; resistencia

Texto completo:

PDF

Referencias


Adams, V. (2013). Markets of sorrow, labors of faith: New Orleans in the wake of Katrina. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Allison, A. (2013). Precarious Japan. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. American Ethnologist. 2012. “Occupy movements: AE forum,” Vol. 39, No. 2, 238–79.

Appadurai, A. (2013). The future as cultural fact: Essays on the global condition. London and New York: Verso.

Appel, H. (2012). “Dispatches from an occupation: Ethnographic notes from occupied Wall Street.” Social Text Online Journal. http://www.socialtextjournal.org/blog/topics/dispatches-from-an-occupation/.

Appel, H. (2012). (2014). “Occupy Wall Street and the economic imagination.” Cultural Anthropology. 29 (4): 602–25. http://www.culanth.org/articles/753-occupy-wall-street-and-theeconomic- imagination.

Asad, T., Ed. (1973). Anthropology and the colonial encounter. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press.

Bear, L., Karen Ho, A. Tsing & S. Yanagisako. (2015). “Generating capitalism” and “Gens: A feminist manifesto for the study of capitalism.” Fieldsights: Theorizing the contemporary, Cultural Anthropology Online, March 30. http://www.culanth.org/fieldsights/652-gens-a-feminist-manifesto-for-the-study-of-capitalism Accessed 4/3/16.

Berlant, L. (2011). Cruel optimism. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Boltanski, L., & E. Chiapello. (2005). The new spirit of capitalism. Translated by Gregory Elliott. London and New York: Verso.

Bourdieu, P. (1998). Acts of resistance: Against the tyranny of the market. Translated by R. Nice. New York: The New Press.

Bourdieu, P, et al. 1993. The weight of the world: Social suffering in contemporary society. Translated by P. P. Ferguson, et al. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Brenner, R. (2006). The economics of global turbulence: The advanced capitalist economies from long boom to long downturn, 1945–2005. London and New York: Verso.

Brown, W. (2003). “Neo-liberalism and the End of Liberal Democracy.” Theory and Event 7 (1). doi: 10.1353/tae.2003.0020.

Burchell, G., C. Gordon & P. Miller, Eds. (1991). The Foucault effect: Studies in governmentality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Caldeira, T. P. R. 2001. City of walls: Crime, segregation, and citizenship in São Paulo. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Clifford, J. and G. E. Marcus, Eds. (1986). Writing culture: The poetics and politics of ethnography. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Cohn, B. S. (1996). Colonialism and its forms of knowledge: The British in India. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Collins, J. (2010). “The age of Wal-Mart.” In The insecure American: How we got here and what we should do about it, edited by Hugh Gusterson and Catherine Besteman, 97–112. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Comaroff, J. (1985). Body of power, spirit of resistance: The culture and history of a South African people. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Comaroff, J. & J. Comaroff. (1991). Of revelation and revolution, volume 1: Christianity, colonialism, and consciousness in South Africa. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Comaroff, J. & J. Comaroff. (1997). Of revelation and revolution, volume 2: The dialectics of modernity on a South African frontier. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Costa, L. & C. Fausto. 2010. “The return of the animists: Recent studies of Amazonian ontologies.” Religion and Society: Advances in Research 1: 89–109.

Cross, J. (2014). Dream zones: Anticipating capitalism and development in India. London: Pluto Press.

da Col, G. and D. Graeber. (2011). “Foreword: The return of ethnographic theory.” Hau: Journal of Ethnographic Theory 1 (1): vi–xxxv.

Das, V. (2010). “Engaging the life of the other: Love and everyday life.” In Ordinary ethics: Anthropology, language, and action, edited by Michael Lambek, 376–99. New York: Fordham University Press.

Davis, M. (1992). City of quartz: Excavating the future in Los Angeles. New York: Vintage Books.

Dirks, N. B. (2001). Castes of mind: Colonialism and the making of modern India. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Dudley, K. M. (1994). The end of the line: Lost jobs, lives in postindustrial America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Duménil, G., & D. Lévy. (2004). Capital resurgent: Roots of the neoliberal revolution. Translated by Derek Jeffers. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Ecenbarger, W. (2012). Kids for cash: Two judges, thousands of children, and a $2.8 million kickback scheme. New York: The New Press.

Fassin, D. (2014). “The ethical turn in anthropology: Promises and uncertainties.” Hau: Journal of Ethnographic Theory 4 (1): 429–35.

Fassin, D. (2015). “Troubled waters: At the confluence of ethics and politics.” In Four lectures on ethics: Anthropological perspectives, 175–210. Chicago: Hau Books.

Ferguson, J. (1999). Expectations of modernity: Myths and meanings of urban life on the Zambian copperbelt. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Ferguson, J. (2015). Give a man a fish: Reflections on the new politics of distribution. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Fernández-Kelly, M. P. (1983). For we are sold, I and my people: Women and industry in Mexico’s frontier. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Fischer, E. F. (2014). The good life: Aspiration, dignity, and the anthropology of wellbeing. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Foucault, M. (1977). Discipline and punish: The birth of the prison. Translated by Alan Sheridan. New York: Vintage Books.

Foucault, M. (1980). The history of sexuality, volume I: An introduction. Translated by Robert Hurley. New York: Vintage Books.

Foucault, M. (2008). The birth of biopolitics: Lectures at the Collège de France, 1978–79. Translated by G. Burchell. Houndmills, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Geertz, C. (1973). The interpretation of cultures. New York: Basic Books.

Giddens, A. (1971). Capitalism and modern social theory: An analysis of the writings of Marx, Durkheim and Max Weber. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ginsburg, F. D., L. Abu-Lughod, & B. Larkin, Eds. (2002). Media worlds: Anthropology on new terrain. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Gorski, P. S., Ed. (2013). Bourdieu and historical analysis. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Graeber, D. (2009). Direct action: An ethnography. Oakland, CA: AK Press.

Graeber, D. (2015). “Radical alterity is just another way of saying ‘reality’: A reply to Eduardo Viveiros de Castro.” Hau: Journal of Ethnographic Theory 5 (2): 1–41.

Greenhouse, C. J., Ed. (2010). Ethnographies of neoliberalism. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Gregory, S. (2007). The devil behind the mirror: Globalization and politics in the Dominican Republic. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Gupta, A. (2012). Red tape: Bureaucracy, structural violence, and poverty in India. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Gusterson, H. & C. Besteman, Eds. (2010). The insecure American: How we got here and what we should do about it. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Hale, C. R. (2006). “Activist research v. cultural critique: Indigenous land rights and the contradictions of politically engaged anthropology.” Cultural Anthropology 21 (1): 96–120.

Hale, C. R., Ed. (2008). Engaging contradictions: Theory, politics, and methods of activist scholarship. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Hardt, M. & A. Negri. (2000). Empire. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Hart, K., J. L. Laville & A. D. Cattani, Eds. (2010). The human economy. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Harvey, D. (2005). A brief history of neoliberalism. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ho, K. (2000). Liquidated: An ethnography of Wall Street. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Hymes, D., Ed. (1972). Reinventing anthropology. New York: Pantheon Books.

Jameson, F. (1984). “Postmodernism, or the cultural logic of late capitalism.” New Left Review 146 (July–August): 53–92.

Juris, J. S. (2008). Networking futures: The movements against corporate globalization. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Juris, J. S. (2012). “Reflections on #Occupy Everywhere: Social media, public space, and emerging logics of aggregation.” American Ethnologist 39 (2): 259–79.

Juris, J. S. & A. Khasnabish, Eds. (2013). Insurgent encounters: Transnational activism, ethnography, and the political. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Kelly, T. (2013). “A life less miserable?” Hau: Journal of Ethnographic Theory 3 (1): 213–16.

Klein, N. (2007). The shock doctrine: The rise of disaster capitalism. New York: Henry Holt and Company.

Kurik, B. (s/d). “Emerging subjectivities in protest.” Forthcoming in The Sage handbook of resistance, edited by S. Vallas and D. Courpasson. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Lambek, M. (2010a). “Introduction.” In Ordinary ethics: Anthropology, language, and action, edited by Michael Lambek, 1–36. New York: Fordham University Press.

Lambek, M., Ed. (2010b). Ordinary ethics: Anthropology, language, and action. New York: Fordham University Press.

Lancaster, R. (2010). “Republic of fear: The rise of punitive governance in America.” In The insecure American: How we got here and what we should do about it, edited by H. Gusterson and C. Besteman, 63–76. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Low, S. (2010). “A nation of gated communities.” In In The insecure American: How we got here and what we should do about it, edited by Hugh Gusterson and Catherine Besteman, 27–44. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Lyotard, J. F. (1984). The postmodern condition. Translated by G. Bennington and B. Massumi. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

Mamdani, M. (1996). Citizen and subject: Contemporary Africa and the legacy of late colonialism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Mankekar, P. (2015). Unsettling India: Affect, temporality, transnationality. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Martin, L. H., H. Gutman & P. H. Hutton, Eds. (1988). Technologies of the self: A seminar with Michel Foucault. Amherst, MA: The University of Massachusetts Press.

Mazzarella, W. (2009). “Affect: What is it good for?” In Enchantments of modernity: Empire, nation, globalization, edited by Saurabh Dube, 291–309. London: Routledge.

Merry, S. E. (2000). Colonizing Hawai’i: The cultural power of law. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Mizushima, H. (2007). Net Café Refugees and Poverty in Japan (film in Japanese). Tokyo: Nihon terebi hoso kabushiki kaisha.

Moore, M. (director). (1989). Roger and Me (film). Produced by Michael Moore.

Moore, M. (2009). Capitalism: A Love Story (film). Produced by Anne Moore, Michael Moore. Newman, Katherine S. 1993. Declining fortunes: The withering of the American dream. New York: Basic Books.

Ong, A. (1987). Spirits of resistance and Capitalist discipline: Factory women in Malaysia. Albany, NY: State Univerity of New York Press.

Ong, A. (1999). Flexible citizenship: The cultural logics of transnationality. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Ong, A. (2006). Neoliberalism as exception: Mutations in citizenship and sovereignty. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Ong, A. and S. J. Collier, Eds. (2005). Global assemblages: Technology, politics and ethics as anthropological problems. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.

Ortner, S. B. (1984). “Theory in anthropology since the sixties.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 26 (1):126–66.

Ortner, S. B. (1995). “Resistance and the problem of ethnographic refusal.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 37 (1): 173–93.

Ortner, S. B. (1998). “Generation X: Anthropology in a media-saturated world.” Cultural Anthropology 13 (3): 414–40.

Ortner, S. B. (2006). New Jersey dreaming: Capital, culture, and the Class of ’58. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Ortner, S. B. (2011). “On neoliberalism.” Anthropology of this Century, Issue 1, May. http://aotcpress. com/articles/neoliberalism/.

Ortner, S. B. (2013a). Not Hollywood: Independent film at the twilight of the American Dream. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Ortner, S. B. (2013b). “Bourdieu and ‘history.’” Review of Bourdieu and Historical Analysis, edited by Philip S. Gorski. Anthropology of this Century, Issue 8, October. http://aotcpress.com/articles/bourdieu-history/.

Piketty, T. (2014). Capital in the twenty-first century. Translated by Arthur Goldhammer. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Rabinowitz, D. (2014). “Resistance and the city.” History and Anthropology 25 (4): 472–87.

Razsa, M. & A. Kurnik. (2012). “The Occupy Movement in Zizek’s hometown: Direct democracy and the politics of becoming.” American Ethnologist 39 (2): 238–58.

Reiter, R. R., Ed. (1975). Toward an anthropology of women. New York: Monthly Review Press.

Robbins, J. (2013). “Beyond the suffering subject: Toward an anthropology of the good.” Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 19 (3): 447–62.

Rosaldo, M. Z. & L. Lamphere, Eds. (1974). Woman, culture and society. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Rose, N. (1996). “Governing ‘advanced’ liberal democracies.” Foucault and political reason, edited by Andrew Barry, Thomas Osborne, and Nikolas Rose, 37–64. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Rutherford, D. (2016). “Affect theory and the empirical.” Annual Review of Anthropology 45: (Volume publication date November 2016).

Sahlins, M. (1981). Historical metaphors and mythical realities: Structure in the early history of the Sandwich Islands Kingdom. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.

Said, E. W. (1978). Orientalism. New York: Vintage Books.

Salmond, A. (2014). “Transforming translations (part 2): Addressing ontological alterity.” Hau: Journal of Ethnographic Theory 4 (1): 155–87.

Sanyal, K. (2007). Rethinking capitalist development: Primitive accumulation, governmentality, and post-colonial capitalism. London and New York: Routledge.

Scott, J. C. (1985). Weapons of the weak: Everyday forms of peasant resistance. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Scott, J. C. (1990). Domination and the arts of resistance: Hidden transcripts. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Sennett, R. (1998). The corrosion of character: The personal consequences of work in the new capitalism. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.

Sklair, L. (1993). Assembling for development: The Maquila industry in Mexico and the United States. San Diego, CA: Center for U.S.-Mexico Studies.

Szwed, J. F. (1972). “An American anthropological dilemma: The politics of Afro-American culture.” In Reinventing anthropology, edited by Dell Hymes, 153–81. New York: Vintage Books.

Theodossopoulos, D. (2014). “On de-pathologizing resistance.” History and Anthropology 25 (4): 415–30.

Theodossopoulos, D. Ed. (2014). Rethinking resistance in the 21st century. History and Anthropology, Special Issue 25 (4).

Tsing, A. L. (2015). The mushroom at the end of the world: On the possibility of life in capitalist ruins. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Urciuoli, B. (2010). “Neoliberal education.” In Ethnographies of neoliberalism, edited by C. J. Greenhouse, 162–76. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Wacquant, L. (2009). Punishing the poor: The neoliberal government of social insecurity. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Walker, H. & I. Kavedžija. (2015). “Introduction: Values of happiness.” Hau: Journal of Ethnographic Theory 5 (3): 1–23.

Walley, C. J. (2013). Exit zero: Family and class in postindustrial Chicago. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Williams, B. (2010). “Body and soul: Profits from poverty.” In In The insecure American: How we got here and what we should do about it, edited by H. Gusterson and C. Besteman, 224–37. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Williams, R. (1977). Marxism and literature. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Wolf, E. (1982). Europe and the people without history. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Wright, M. W. (2001). “The dialectics of still life: Murder, women, and Maquiladoras.” In Millenial capitalism and the culture of neoliberalism, edited by Jean and John L. Comaroff, 125–46. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Yan, Y. (2011). “How far can we move away from Durkheim?: Reflections on the new anthropology of morality.” AOTC Issue 2, October.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31048/1852.4826.v11.n2.20804

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.


Copyright (c) 2018 Sherry Ortner, Gustavo Blázquez, María Cecilia Díaz

Licencia de Creative Commons
Este obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional.

Indizada en: DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals); Anthropological Index Online; LATINDEX (Folio 15289); Núcleo Básico de Revistas Científicas Argentinas (Resolución 1855/13 del CONICET); REDIB; EBSCOhost; PKP Index; SciELO

        

ISSN versión impresa 1852-060X

ISSN versión electrónica 1852-4826

 

http://revistas.unc.edu.ar/index.php/antropologia/index

 

Licencia Creative Commons
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional.