Diferencias sexuales en la morfología de la cresta acetabular anterior

Autores/as

  • Fidel O. Gwala University of Nairobi
  • Jeremiah Munguti School of Medicine, university of Nairobi
  • Kevin Ongeti School of Medicine, university of Nairobi
  • Kirsteen Awori School of Medicine, university of Nairobi

Palabras clave:

diferencias de sexo, cresta acetabular anterior, curva

Resumen

Objetivos: La morfología de la cresta acetabular anterior, una consideración importante en el diseño de prótesis de cadera, muestra una marcada variabilidad interétnica. Sin embargo, hay una escasez de datos locales que destacan la prevalencia de las diversas formas de la cresta acetabular anterior. Además, las diferencias relacionadas con el sexo apenas se han documentado. Por lo tanto, este estudio tuvo como objetivo determinar las formas de la cresta acetabular anterior en una muestra de población de Kenia y las diferencias de sexo en la misma. Métodos: se estudiaron noventa y cuatro huesos de cadera emparejados (44 mujeres, 50 hombres) de la colección de osteología de los Museos Nacionales de Kenia. Se determinó y registró la forma de la cresta acetabular anterior. Resultados: la cresta acetabular anterior fue curvada en el 34% de los casos, recta en el 24.5%, angular en el 21.3% e irregular el 20.2% de los casos. La curvada fue más frecuente en mujeres (50.0%) en comparación con los hombres (20.0%). Conclusión: el dimorfismo sexual influye en la morfología de la cresta acetabular anterior y debe tenerse en cuenta durante los procedimientos de reconstrucción acetabular y el diseño de prótesis acetabular.

Biografía del autor/a

Fidel O. Gwala, University of Nairobi

Department of Human Anatomy

Jeremiah Munguti, School of Medicine, university of Nairobi

Department of Human Anatomy

Kevin Ongeti, School of Medicine, university of Nairobi

Department of Human Anatomy

Kirsteen Awori, School of Medicine, university of Nairobi

Department of Human Anatomy

Citas

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2020-11-18

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