WHOLE BODY BEQUEATHMENT: PERCEPTION OF HEALTHCARE WORKERS IN SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA. Legado del cuerpo entero: Percepción de los trabajadores de la salud en Nigeria del sureste

  • Sunday O. Popoola Department of Anatomy, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
  • Abidemi E. Omonisi Department of Anatomic Pathology, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria.
  • Owolabi D. Ojo Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria.
  • Williams O. Odesami Department of Anatomic Pathology, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria.

Resumen

Journey of anatomy as a discipline began from crude ancient civilizations with credit to cadavers at the centre up to this modern computerized creativity with reference to magnanimity of cadavers and donors. The study investigated various limitations in acquiring cadavers amongst healthcare givers in southwestern Nigeria: awareness of bequest program, religious beliefs, socio-cultural heritage and family influences. Questionnaire-based proforma was adopted with three sections: facility, socio-demographics and donation characteristics containing 20-item self-administered Likert-style: ‘yes’, ‘no’ and ‘not sure’. Facilities visited and formal permission sought to engage the middle-aged healthcare workers for one-month’s period. Data subjected to statistical package for social scientists with statistical-significance taking as p<0.05. One-hundred-and-thirty-six middle-aged healthcare workers and above participated. Highest participants recorded in: tertiary institution; age group 50-54years; gender male; Ekiti indigenes; tertiary educational degrees; married workers; Christianity; and doctors by profession. Cronbach’s alpha reliability value of 0.801 established the study to be second to excellence. Issues on bequest program, sources of cadaver and affection independently explained poor awareness and alienation to bequeathment affairs. Influential factors on bequeathment synonymously judged unquestionable religious beliefs, veritable socio-cultural traditions and family dominancy as militating factors. Typically, awareness on bequeathment was still pitiful as the criteria were only known in papers rather than the hearts of healthcare workers who were meant to propagate the crusade of bequeathment. The need to establish a global policy for bequeathment affairs including social, moral, political and financial needs for broadcast was conclusively accented, most especially, in Nigeria and the likes.

 

El  camino de la Anatomía como disciplina comenzó en las civilizaciones antiguas con un crédito central en los cadáveres hasta  la aparición de la creatividad computarizada moderna en relación a la magnanimidad de cadáveres y donantes. Este estudio investigó varias limitaciones en la adquisición de cadáveres entre donantes del sistema de salud en el sudoeste de Nigeria: conocimiento del programa de legado, creencias religiosas, herencia socio-cultural e influencia familiar. El cuestionario adoptado estaba basado en una proforma con tres secciones: Facilidad, características de la donación y características socio-demográficas, que contienen 20 items autoadministrados al estilo de la escala de Likert: `Sí', `No' y `no estoy seguro'. Las instalaciones visitadas y el permiso formal requeridos para incluir a los trabajadores de mediana edad del Sistema de salud por el período de un mes. Los datos fueron sometidos al paquete estadístico para científicos sociales (SPSS) tomando como significación estadística valores de p<0.05. Participaron ciento treinta y seis trabajadores del Sistema de Salud de mediana edad y mayores. Los participantes mayores registrados en: institución terciaria; grupos de edadde 50-54años; del género masculino; Indìgenas Ekiti; grado educativo terciario; trabajadores casados; Cristianismo; y doctores de profesión. El valor de la confiabilidad alfa de Cronbach de 0.801 estableció al estudio en segundo lugar a la excelencia. Algunas cuestiones en el programa del legado, la procedencia del cadáver y el afecto explican el pobre conocimiento y la enajenación en los asuntos del legado. Los factores influyentes en el legado que se juzgaron como indiscutibles fueron: la creencia religiosa, las verdaderas tradiciones socio-culturales y la dominancia de la familia como factores limitantes. Típicamente, el conocimiento del legado seguía siendo lamentable pues los criterios seran solo conocidos en los papeles más que en los corazones de los trabajadores del Sistema de Salud que fueron elegidos para propagar la cruzada del legado. La necesidad de establecer una política global para los asuntos del legado incluyendo las necesidades sociales, morales, políticas y financieras de la difusión fue concluyentemente acentuada, especialmente, en Nigeria y similares.

Biografía del autor/a

Sunday O. Popoola, Department of Anatomy, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
Senior Lecturer, Department of Anatomy, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria

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Publicado
2019-08-25
Sección
Contribuciones Originales