PREVALENCE OF HALLUX ABDUCTO VALGUS AMONG VARIOUS GROUPS IN ANAMBRA STATE OF NIGERIA; Predominio de hallux abducto valgus entre varios grupos en el estado de anambra de Nigeria


  • Chijioke Mmadueke Okeke Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka
  • Ukoha Ukoha Ukoha Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka


Palabras clave:

Hallux abducto valgus, prevalence, Nigeria, predominio


Hallux Abducto Valgus is characterized by lateral deviation of the proximal phalanx of the hallux, medial deviation of the first metatarsal bone, and subluxation of the first metartasophalangeal joint. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of hallux abducto valgus among residents of Anambra State of Nigeria. The study was a cross sectional descriptive study, using a structured questionnaire. It was conducted among male and female subjects in the following occupational groups: Farmers, Traders, Medical student, Nursing student, Road Safety Corps, Police and the Military. A total of 1033 subjects within the age range of 15 to 74 years were studied. Hallux abducto valgus was identified by inspection of the foot. Prevalence of hallux abducto valgus in the study population was 12.9%. Hallux abducto valgus was more prevalent in males (14.3%) than in females (11.2%). Bilateral affectation of hallux abducto valgus (5.5%) was more prevalent than unilateral affectation (Right – 2.6%, left – 4.7%). Prevalence of hallux abducto valgus increased with increment in age. The prevalence of hallux abducto valgus among various occupational groups include: Police (18.0%), Road Safety Corps (16.7%), Nursing students (10%), Military (20%), Medical students (9.9%), Traders (8.3%) and farmers (17.0%). The prevalence of hallux abducto valgus in our study was 12.9%. The prevalence increased with increasing age and hallux abducto valgus was more prevalent in males than in females.


Hallux Abducto Valgus es caracterizado por la desviación lateral del falange próximo del hallux, la desviación intermedia del primer hueso metatarsal, y el subluxation del primer empalme metartasophalangeal. El objetivo de este estudio era determinar el predominio del valgus del abducto del hallux entre residentes del estado de Anambra de Nigeria. El estudio era un estudio descriptivo representativo, usando un cuestionario estructurado. Fue conducido entre los temas masculinos y femeninos en los grupos ocupacionales siguientes: Granjeros, comerciantes, estudiante de medicina, estudiante de cuidado, cuerpo de la seguridad de camino, policía y los militares. Estudiaron a un total de 1033 temas dentro de la escala de edades de 15 a 74 años . El valgus del abducto de Hallux fue identificado por la inspección del pie. El predominio de hallux abducto valgus en la población del estudio era 12.9%. Hallux abducto valgus era más frecuente en los varones (14.3%) que en las hembras (11.2%). La afectación bilateral de hallux abducto valgus (5.5%) era más frecuente que la afectación unilateral (- 2.6%, a la izquierda - 4.7% derechos). El predominio de hallux abducto valgus aumentó con el incremento en edad. El predominio de hallux abducto valgus entre varios grupos ocupacionales incluye: Policía (18.0%), cuerpo de la seguridad de camino (16.7%), estudiantes de cuidado (el 10%), militares (el 20%), estudiantes de medicina (9.9%), comerciantes (8.3%) y granjeros (17.0%). El predominio del valgus del abducto del hallux en nuestro estudio era 12.9%. El predominio aumentó con el aumento de edad y hallux abducto valgus era más frecuente en varones que en hembras.

Biografía del autor/a

Chijioke Mmadueke Okeke, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

Department of Anatomy

Ukoha Ukoha Ukoha, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

Department of Anatomy

Professor of Anatomy


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