MORPHOLOGY AND MORPHOMETRY OF DRY ADULT ACETABULA IN NIGERIA. Morfología y morfometría de los acetábulos adultos secos en Nigeria

Autores/as

  • Ukoha U Ukoha Department of Anatomy, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi, Anambra State
  • Kosisochukwu E Umeasalugo Department of Anatomy, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi, Anambra State
  • Joseph I Okafor Department of Human Anatomy, Anambra State University, Uli, Anambra State
  • Godwin U Ndukwe Department of Human Anatomy, Abia State University, Uturu, Abia State
  • Henry C Nzeakor Department of Anatomy, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi, Anambra State
  • Dymphna O Ekwunife Department of Anatomy, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi, Anambra State

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31051/1852.8023.v6.n3.14139

Palabras clave:

Acetabulum, prothesis, congenital hip dysplasia, acetabular diameter, acetabular depth, Acetábulo, prótesis, displasia congénita de la cadera, diámetro acetabular, profundidad acetabular

Resumen

Objectives: The present study was undertaken to measure the acetabular depth and diameter, to determine the shape of the anterior acetabular ridge and to find out the relationship between the depth and diameter which will be useful in preparing suitable sizes of prosthesis for Nigerians. Materials and Method: 100 dry adult hip bones of unknown gender but known sides were used. A vernier caliper and ruler were used for the measurement. The shapes of the anterior acetabular ridge were noted, and the transverse and superoinferior diameters of the acetabulum were measured using vernier calipers. The data were recorded and analyzed using SPSS. Result: The result showed that there were four major shapes which are: curved (35%), angular (33%), straight (23%) and irregular (9%). The total diameter on the right side was slightly less than the left. There was a significant positive relationship between the depth and the transverse, superoinferior and total diameters (p < 0.05). Conclusion: These relationships should be borne in mind when providing prostheses for Nigerians, during hip arthroplasty, treatment of hip joint fractures and in diagnosing congenital hip dysplasia.


Objetivos: El presente estudio se llevó a cabo para medir la profundidad del acetábulo y el diámetro, para determinar la forma de la cresta acetabular anterior y para averiguar la relación entre la profundidad y diámetro que será útil en la preparación de tamaños adecuados de prótesis para los Nigerianos. Material y Método: Se utilizaron 100 secos huesos de la cadera adulto de género desconocido, pero los lados conocidos. Un pie de rey y gobernante se utilizaron para la medición. Se observaron las formas de la cresta acetabular anterior, y el transversal y diámetros superoinferior del acetábulo se midieron usando calibradores vernier. Los datos fueron registrados y analizados mediante el paquete estadístico SPSS. Resultado: El resultado mostró que había cuatro formas principales que son: curvas (35%), angulares (33%), recto (23%) e irregular (9%). El diámetro total del lado derecho fue ligeramente inferior a la izquierda. Hubo una relación positiva significativa entre la profundidad y la transversal, superoinferior y diámetros totales (p <0,05). Conclusión: Estas relaciones deben ser tenidos en cuenta en la prestación de prótesis para los nigerianos, durante la artroplastia de cadera, el tratamiento de las fracturas de las articulaciones de la cadera y en el diagnóstico de la displasia congénita de cadera.


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Publicado

2016-03-28

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