A RARE CASE OF IDENTIFICATION AND PRESERVATION OF HUMAN REMAINS. 240 Un raro caso de identificación y preservación de restos humanos

Autores/as

  • Horacio E Solla Judicial Morgue of Montevideo City, Montevideo
  • Mehmet Y Iscan Florida Atlantic University, Florida
  • Barbara McCabe Florida Atlantic University, Florida

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31051/1852.8023.v5.n3.14082

Palabras clave:

Soft tissue preservation, skull-photo comparison, Human identification, Preservación de tejidos blandos, Comparaciones cráneo-fotográficas, Identificación humana

Resumen

Los estudios de casos son ideales para probar la validez de técnicas antropológicas y los estudios antropológico-forenses de casos suelen funcionar como campo de pruebas en varios tópicos de la Antropología Física. El creciente rol que ha jugado los antropólogos en las ciencias forenses ha ayudado a las disciplinas médico-legales en varios aspectos. Por ejemplo, la identificación restos óseos es ahora más segura que nunca. El propósito de éste artículo es mostrar un raro caso de preservación de tejidos blandos de los restos de una niña color que se han conservado transformándose en un molde compacto y describir las técnicas antropológicas usadas para identificar los restos. Los estudios antropológicos forenses indicaban que se trataba de los restos de una niña de color entre 10 y 12 años de edad al momento de la muerte y de 150 cms de estatura. Basados en esos datos preliminares y en la sospecha de que los restos podrían ser los de Jane Doe, víctima de una violación y posterior asesinato. Una superposición digital fue realizada usando una fotografía de la supuesta víctima y el cráneo desconocido. Los estu-dios indicaron que el cráneo hallado se correspondía de manera consistente con el individuo de la fotografía. Estos resultados fueron luego ratificados por un análisis de ADN. Por lo tanto, la Antropología Forense y sus técnicas pueden ser utilizadas en investigaciones médico-legales concretas de manera muy satisfactoria.

 

Case studies are ideal to test the validity of anthropological techniques and forensic anthropology cases function as a testing ground for this aspect of physical anthropology. The increasing role that anthropologists have played in forensic sciences has aided the medico legal disciplines in a number of ways. For example, identification of skeletal remains is now more accurate than ever before. The purpose of this paper is to show a peculiar case of rare preservation of soft tissue of a black child that formed an unique soft tissue casting and to describe anthropological techniques used to identify the remains. The anthropological analysis indicated that she was black racial affinity, between 10-12-year old and was about150 cmof stature. Based on preliminary evidence that the victim might be Jane Doe, a victim of possible rape and murder, a digital superimposition was made using one victim's photograph and the unknown skull. This examination revealed that the skull corresponded consistently with the individual in the photograph. Results were supported by a DNA analysis. Therefore, forensic anthropology techniques can be successfully used in medico-legal investigations. 

Citas

Amnesty International. 1994. Disappearances and political killings: Human rights crisis of the 1990s. A Manual for Action. Amsterdam. Amnesty International.

Bajinoczky I, Kiralyfalvi L. 1995. A new approach to computer aided comparison of skull and photographs. Int J Legal Med. 108: 157-161.

Basauri C. 1967. A body identified by forensic odontology and superimposed photographs. Int. Crimin Pol Rev; 204: 37-43.

Bass WM. 1971. Human Osteology: A Laboratory and Field Manual of the Human Skeleton. Columbia, Missouri. Special Publications David R. Evans, Editor.

Berrizbeitia EL. 1990. Origenes y aplicaciones de la antropología fisica y forense. Revista Natura, Sociedad de Ciencias Naturales la Salle 89: 13-17.

Bonnet E. 1980. Tanatología forense. En: Medicina Legal. Buenos Aires. López Libreros Editores, pp. 278-405.

Brash J, Glaister J. 1937. Medico-legal aspects of the Ruxton Case. Edinburg, E & Livingstone Editors.

Burns KR. 2000. Forensic Anthropology Training Manual. New Yersey, Prentice Hall, Inc.

Cai D, Lan Y. 1982. Research on standards for skull to photo superimposition. Criminal Technol (Suppl), Beijing, pp 34- 40.

Cai D, Lan Y. 1989. A study on the standard for forensic anthropologic identification of skull-image superimposition. J Forensic Sci 34: 1343-56.

Cai D, Lan Y. 1993. Standards for skull to photo superimposition. In: M Y Iscan, R P Helmer (Eds), Forensic Analysis of the Skull: Craniofacial Analysis, Reconstruction and Identification. New York, Wiley pp. 171-181.

Chandra Sekharan P. 1971. A revised super-imposition technique for identification of the individual from the skull and photograph. J Criminol Pol Sci 62: 107-113.

Colonna M, Pesce Delfino V, Introina F Jr. 1980. Identificazione mediante sovraposizione cranio-photo del viso a meso di circuito televisivo: applicazione sperimentale di una nova metodica. Boll Soc Ital Biol Sper 56: 2271-2277.

Curran, W. J. 1986. The forensic investigation of the death of Josef Mengele. N Engl J Med 315: 1071 1073.

Dorion RBJ. 1983. Photographic super-impositions. J Forensic Sci 28: 724-34.

Eckert WG, Teixeira WR. 1985. The identification of Josef Mengele. A triumph of international cooperation. Am. J. Forensic Med Pathol 6: 188 191.

Giles E, Elliot O. 1962. Sex Determination by Discriminants Function. Analysis of Crania. Am J Physical Anthropol 21: 53-68.

Grüner O, Reinhard R. 1959. Ein photographis-ches Verfahren zur schädelidentifizierung. Dtsch Z. Gerichtl Med. 48: 247-256.

Grüner O. 1993. Identification of skulls: a historical review and practical applications. In: M Y Iscan, R P Helmer (Eds) Forensic Analysis of the Skull: Craniofacial Analysis, Reconstruc-tion and Identification. New York, Wiley pp 29-45.

Hannibal K. 1992. Taking up the challenge: Promotion of human rights. A guide for the Scientific Community. Science and Human Rights Program. American Association for the Advancement of Science Publication 92: 328.

Helmer R. 1986. Identifizierung der Leichenuber-reste des Josef Mengele. Arch. Kriminol 177: 130 44.

Helmer R. 1987. Identification of the Cadaver Remains of Josef Mengele. J Forensic Sci 32: 1622-1644.

Helmer R, Schimmler JB, Rieger J. 1989. On the conclusiveness of skull identification via video superimposition technique. Can Soc Forensic Sci J. 22: 177-194.

Humpire DJ, Soto B. 2013. Análisis del Cráneo, Aproximación Facial e Identificación por Superposición de Imágenes en la Criminalística. Lima. Grupo Editorial Cromeo, 178 pp.

Hunt Junior EE, Gleiser I. 1955. The estimation of age and sex of preadolescent children from bones and teeth. Am J Phys Anthropol. 13: 479-487.

Iscan MY. 1987. John Lawrence Angel, 1915-1986, a tribute and remembrance. J Forensic Sci 32: 1484-1485.

Iscan MY. 1988. Rise of Forensic Anthropology. Yrbk Phys Anthropol 31: 203-230.

Iscan MY, Krogman WM. 1988. (1903-1987): the end of an era, J Forensic Sci 33: 1473–1476.

Iscan MY. 1990. Forensic Anthropology in International Forum. Adli Tip Derg, 6: 103-105.

Iscan MY. 1990. The Wisdom of Wilton Marion Krogman. Adli tip Derg, 6: 107- 117.

Iscan MY, Helmer R. 1993. Forensic Analysis of the Skull: Craniofacial Analysis, Reconstruction and Identification. New York. Wiley Inc.

Iscan MY. 1995. Forensic anthropology around the world. Forensic Sci Int 74: 1-3.

Iscan MY, Loth SR. 1997. The scope of forensic anthropology. W.G. Eckert (Ed.), Introduction To Forensic Sciences, Boca Raton, FL, CRC Press pp. 343-369.

Iscan MY. 1998. Progress in forensic anthrop-ology: the 20th century. Forensic Sci Int 98: 1-8.

Iscan MY, Solla HE. 2000. Forensic anthropology in Latin America. Forensic Sci Int 109: 15-30.

Iten PX. 1987. Identification of skulls by video superimposition. J Forensic Sci 32: 173-188

Ivanov PL, Abramov SS. 1991. Authetication of the skeletal remains of the Last Russian Tsar and Royal Family: Cooperation between forensic craniofacial specialists and DNA experts. Moscow: Bureau of the Chief Forensic Medical Examiner.

Jablonski NG. 1987. The role of anthropology in forensic investigations in Hong Kong, or how did a nice girl like you get mixed up in a messy business like this? Hong Kong Anthrop Bull pp 12-13.

Jayaprakash PT, Srinivasan G, Amravaneswaran MG. 2001. Cranio-facial morphanalysis: a new method for enhancing reliability while identifying skulls by photosuperimposition. Forensic Sci Int 117: 121-43.

Jeffreys AJ, Allen MJ, Hagelberg E, Sonnberg A. 1992. Identification of the skeletal remains of Josef Mengele by DNA analysis. Forensic Sci Int 56: 65 76.

Karagioziz MF, Scaglio R. 2005. An Introduction to the collection, preservation, analysis and presentation of evidence. Springfield IL. Charles C Thomas Publisher.

Kritscher VH, Szilvássy J. 1991. Zur Identifizierrung des Mozartschädels. Wien. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien. Serie A.

Krogman WM. 1939. Guide to the Identification of Human Skeletal Material. F.B.I. Law Enforce-ment. Bulletin 8: 3-31.

Krogman WM, Iscan MY. 1986. The Human Skeleton in Forensic Medicine. 2nd Ed. Springfield, IL, Charles C Thomas, Publisher.

Maples WR. Browing M. 1989. The death and mortal remains of Francisco Pizarro. J Forensic Sci 34: 1021-1036.

Maples WR, Browning M. 1994. The Reliability of Skull Photograph Superimposition on Individual Identification. J Forensic Sci 39: 446-455.

Morse D. 1983a. The time of death. Handbook of Forensic Archeology and Anthropology. Morse D, Duncan J, Stoutamire J. (Eds) Tallahassee Bill’s Book Store, pp124-144.

Morse D. 1983b. Studies on the deterioration of associated death scene materials. D. Morse, J. Duncan, J. Stoutamire (Eds.) Handbook of Forensic Archaeology and Anthropology, Tallahassee, Bill's Book Store pp. 1-15.

Nickerson BA, Fitzhorn PA, Koch SK, Charney M. 1991. A methodology for near-optimal computational superimposition of two-dimensional digital facial photographs and three-dimensional cranial surface meshes. J Forensic Sci 36: 480-500.

Pesce Delfino V, Colonna M, Vacca E, Potente F, Introina F Jr. 1986. Computer-aided skull/face superimposition. Am J Forensic Medicine and Pathology 7: 201-12.

Pesce Delfino V, Vacca E, Potente F, Lettinii T, Colonna M. 1993.

Shape analytic morphometry in computer-aided skull identification via video superimposition. M Y Iscan. R P Helmer (Eds) Forensic Analysis of the Skull: Craniofacial Analysis, Reconstruction and Identification. New York, Wiley, pp 131-159.

Pickering RB, Bachman DC. 1997. The Use of the Forensic Anthropology. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.

Primeau C, Friis L, Sejrsen B, Lynnerup N. 2012. A method for estimating age of danish medieval sub-adults based on long bone length. Anthropol Anz 69: 317-33.

Rissech C, Malgosa A. 2005. Ilium growth study: applicability in sex and age diagnosis. Forensic Sci Int 147: 165-74.

Robert BJ. 1983. Photographic Superimposition. Am. J Forensic Sci 28: 724-734.

Rodríguez JV. 1996. Panorama de la Antropología Biológica en Colombia y su relación con el ámbito latinoamericano y mundial. Bogotá, Maguare 11: 75 102.

Rodríguez JV. 2004. La Antropología en la Identificación Humana. Bogotá. Universidad Nacional de Colombia.

Schiappapietra L. 1995. Conceptos sobre la organización y funcionamiento de la justicia: aspectos generales sobre la justicia penal y civil. Montevideo. Medicina Legal, Oficina del Libro, pp. 27–39.

Seta S, Yoshino MY. 1993. A combined apparatus for photographic and video superimposition. M Y Iscan, R P Helmer (Eds). Forensic Analysis of the Skull: Craniofacial Analysis, Reconstruction and Identification. New York, Wiley, pp 161-169.

Simonín C. 1966. Fecha de la muerte. Medicina Legal Judicial. 2da Edición. Barcelona. Jims. pp. 735-745.

Smeets B, De Valck E. 1996. L´utilisation de l´ordinateur en odontologie: superposition video et reproduction faciale par le biais d´une interface informatique. Rev Belge Med Dent 51: 272-283.

Solla HE. 1991. La Antropología Forense, Revista MIDU: 34–35.

Solla HE. 1994. Antropología Forense: estudio de casos. Montevideo, (EPPAL) Ediciones Populares para América Latina.

Solla HE. 2001. Los peritajes antropológico-forenses en Uruguay “1950-1999”. Montevideo. Suprema Corte de Justicia.

Solla HE, Iscan MY. 2001. Skeletal Remains of Dr. Eugenio Antonio Berríos Sagredo. Forensic Sci Int 116: 201-211.

Solla HE. 2002. Study and identification of human skeletal remains in Uruguay (1950-2001). The Forensic Examiner. 14: 20-25.

Solla HE, Iscan MY, Mc Cabe B. 2004. Identification of the Skeletal Remains of a Child. Forensic Examiner Int. 13: 32-36.

Solla HE, Iscan MY, McCabe B. 2005. A victim of a dictatorial regime: Identification of Mr. Roberto Gomensoro Josman. Forensic Sci Int 151: 213-20.

Solla HE, Iscan MY, McCabe B. 2010. Skeletal remains of Ubagesner Chaves Sosa and Dr. Fernando Miranda Pérez: victims of a dictatorial regime in Uruguay. The Forensic Examiner, 19: 28-39.

Soto H. 1989. Identificación de las víctimas de un sicópata sexual en la República del Ecuador. Estudios de Antropología Física. México. UNAM. pp, 727-737.

Stewart TD. 1979. Essentials of Forensic Anthropology: Especially as Developed in the United States. Charles C. Springfield, IL, Thomas Publisher.

Taylor JA, Brown KA. 1998. Superimposition techniques. J G Clement, R L Ranson (Eds). Craniofacial Identification in Forensic Medicine, Arnold London, pp 151-164.

Trotter M. 1970. Estimation of stature from intact limb bones. Personal Identification in Mass Disasters. T.D Stewart, Washington D.C., (Ed) National Museum of Natural History, pp 71-83.

Ubelaker DH. 1989. Human Skeletal Remains: Excavation, Analysis and Interpretation. Washington DC. Smithsonian Institute.

Ubelaker DH. 1992. Computer assisted photographic superimposition. J Forensic Sci. 37: 750-762.

Ubelaker DH. 1996. The Remains of Dr. Carl Austin Weiss: Anthropological Analysis. J Forensic Sci 41: 60-79.

Ubelaker DH, O'Donnell GE. 1997. Computer Assisted Facial Reproductions, Journal of Forensic Scie 2: 155-162.

Descargas

Publicado

2016-03-28

Cómo citar

Solla, H. E., Iscan, M. Y., & McCabe, B. (2016). A RARE CASE OF IDENTIFICATION AND PRESERVATION OF HUMAN REMAINS. 240 Un raro caso de identificación y preservación de restos humanos. Revista Argentina De Anatomía Clínica, 5(3), 240–249. https://doi.org/10.31051/1852.8023.v5.n3.14082

Número

Sección

Presentación de Casos